ABSTRACT

A field trial was conducted at Khabuliar char, Sonatola, Bogura during Rabi season of 2021-2022 to evaluate the performance of modern proso millet variety under farmers’ field condition. BARI Cheena-1 gave the satisfactory yield (2.42 tha-1) in charland area of Sonatola, Bogura over local variety (1.73 tha-1). This variety ensured the low price, enough availability having less risk and water requirement, easily grown without modern technology. Attractive gross margin (Tk. 83100 ha-1) was also obtained from the tested variety over local control.

Key words: Proso millet, performance, charland area.

Introduction

Millet crops are grown on marginal lands and under low-input agricultural conditions or situations in which major cereal crops often produce low yields (Amadou et al., 2013). Proso millet is rich in protein, minerals, vitamins and micronutrients such as iron, zinc, copper and manganese and its nutritive parameters are comparable or better than common cereals (Kalinova and Moudry, 2006).The area under Cheena and Kaon production in Bangladesh is about 2920 acres with a production of 1229 m tons (BBS, 2018). The land of Bogura district termed as the most Cheena and Kaon production area of Bangladesh is covering 385 acres area with production of 120 MT (BBS, 2018). “Charland’’ is the Bengali term, its English meaning is “Riverine island” for mid-channel island that emerges periodically from riverbed as a consequence of accretion (Elahi, 1991). In Bangladesh the char lands can be divided into five sub areas (The Jamuna, The Ganges, The Padma, The upper Meghna and the lower Meghna River)  where Tista and old Brahmaputra also constitute some char land areas (Islam et al., 2012). These char land areas are the best habited for the millet and groundnut production. BARI has already developed some improved Cheena varieties like BARI Cheena-1 and BARI Cheena-2, but the farmers of charland area are mostly sown only local cultivar (Rahman et al, 2020). Now a day’s farmers’ of Bangladesh is very much fascinated to grow high yielding variety along with resistance early maturity characters. The present study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the performance of BARI released improved variety under farmer’s field condition and popularize the variety among the farmers to promote their adoption in char land areas of Bogura district.