The study was conducted during the years of 2019-2021 in Satkhira (Assasuni and Shyamnagar upazilas) district of Bangladesh. In the studied upazilas two unions/two agricultural blocks were selected to carry out the study. The research was conducted in the study area and data was collected from 200 respondents via an interview schedule. The dependent variable in this study was “adaptation measures against climate change”. The adaptation scoring is detailed in the section of Materials and Methods. The researcher selected eight characteristics of the respondent as the independent variables in this study. Collected data from the respondents were analyzed in accordance with the objectives of the study. The coded data were put into the computer for statistical analyses. The study revealed that a large portion of respondents are with lower adaptation, where there are vast spaces for adaptation regarding overcoming the challenges for coastal agriculture. It was also noted that the majority respondents (78% respondents) showed their medium level of satisfaction, which argued for more/modern/appropriate agricultural technologies for coastal Satkhira district of Bangladesh. The respondents pass their life with uncertain, so they felt that public and private participation (PAP) as well as collaboration between GO & NGOs are mandatory for adopting the agriculture technologies (opined by 98% respondents). Correlation coefficients noted that all eight selected variables were found to be significantly related to the dependent variable. Amongst those, agricultural damages by natural disaster negatively correlated with agricultural adaptation measures against climate change. These provide the core adaptation criteria for the study area.
Key words: Adaptation measures, climatic damage, agriculture, coastal Satkhira district.
The coastal areas of Bangladesh are home to about 40 million people, who are dominated by natural resource-based livelihoods. Almost every year in the last few decades, the region has witnessed multiple disaster events that have caused enormous loss and damage to human life, livelihoods and well-being, and created uncertainty about food insecurity (BBS, 2016; Nasim et al., 2019). On average, 25%, 3% and 2% of the population in Bangladesh will be being evacuated due to floods, droughts and cyclones (Akter, 2009). The Bangladesh government predicts that SLR could evacuate 20 million people over the next 40 years (Barua et al., 2017). By 2050, one out of seven people in Bangladesh is projected to be migrated from their hometown due to climate change (Khan, 2019). Bangladesh however is one of the most climate-sensitive countries in the world and the negative effects of climate change cause the main obstacle to sustainable development in Bangladesh. So adaptation is perquisite to be confirmed the secured life and safety for properties in climate change vulnerable countries like Bangladesh (Vij et al., 2018). Indeed, adaptation is practical steps to protect countries and communities from the likely disruption and damage that will result from effects of climate change. Improving adaptability is essential, and to some extent migration is considered as a method of adaptation to ensure a healthy life (Pachauri and Meyer, 2014). Also, adaptation practices should be integrated with the participation of different levels of stakeholders to ensure sustainable adaptation to climate change (Schmidt et al., 2014). The main focus of the study was to be adopted the proper technologies to minimize the agricultural losses in Coastal Satkhira district of Bangladesh. This