The spatio-temporal analysis of handloom industry in Tangail district, Bangladesh was conducted during January to June 2018. A total of 126 weavers were selected randomly and interviewed. The primary data was collected from 9 villages of Tangail Sadar, Kalihati and Delduar upazila and the secondary data from journals, articles, books, official documents, thesis papers, daily newspapers etc. The study revealed that monthly per capita income of weavers was about (8000-14000) tk. though they had to perform a hard work (8-15 hours per day). Subsequently they were unable to save from their earned money. An interesting observation was remarked in that location that the economic crises were not impacted the expansion of handloom industry rather increasing. Entrepreneur’s interest and good marketing system were the main causes for that business. Moreover, Spatio-Temporal factor is one of the considerable components for establishing the handloom in Tangail. The study exposed that the income of the waivers was unremarkable. And they hardly can make savings. But they could not switch to other profession because they were not experienced in other work. It was also affirmed that the handloom industry is running with old technology, poor marketing, poor advertising, limited showroom, import based raw materials, inadequate capitals, insufficient government facilities, low wages of weavers. So, it is perquisite to make effective plan to get back the glorious position of our handloom as well as to help economic development of our country.
Key words: Handloom, weaver, spatio-temporal.
Handloom industry in Tangail has a glorious history. The “Tangail Sharee” of Bangladesh has a great popularity and reputation in home and abroad. This traditional Sharee is only produced in Tangail district and has been named after the name of the district. Each year, this industry produces significant amount of Sharee and supplies all over the world. Each week Bangladeshi government exports around 50,000 pieces Sharee to our neighboring country India (Banarjee et al., 2014). The weavers sell the Sharee in the nearest “hut” of Bazitpur and Korotia twice in a week. The consumers of this “hut” are mainly retailers who buy products from the weavers and suppliers. Although the Tangail Sharee has a huge demand in India, Europe, America, Japan and Middle East, the industry has no longer its old heritage due to various factors. Firstly, the price rate of raw materials and machines of handloom industries has recently increased significantly. Secondly, due to the availability and low price of raw materials, governments interfere; India has already spread her business all over the world. Thirdly, the Sharee industry of Tangail is controlled by retailers rather than the small weavers. Communal violence and lack of security in business compelled a lot of hindu weavers to migrate in India since independence. Recent political unrest has also made huge loss of the business. Finally, lack of loan support and other supports from the government paved the way to expand the industry (Banarjee et al., 2014). The handloom industry in Tangail is a cottage industry and the looms are mostly established in households. 72% of the total installed looms have a unit size of five looms. Units with six to ten looms are 11% and units with eleven to twenty looms are 6% of the total. Units with 21 looms occupy 11% of the total and are considered as small factories. However, a study done by the Ministry of Industries in 1982, shows that small factories have 20% of handlooms